Here Is Information On Biotechnologies

By Henry Fisher

There are many fields that have existed almost as long as humanity. One of these fields is biotechnology. Some of the food items such as bread which people eat today were discovered by distant ancestors in the attempt to make their lives easier. The truth is that bread is made through the process of fermentation, which makes use of yeast. The use of living organisms or process to achieve end results that improve human life is the basis of biotechnology. Here are facts regarding Biotechnologies.

Even though biotechnology began as a crude field, it has advanced through several stages to what it is today. Scientist such as Alexander Fleming and Edward Jenner are some of the most renowned fathers of biotechnology with their contributions to this field. Jenner invented vaccines while Fleming invented antibiotics and people have continued to benefit from them.

Karl Ereky was an agriculturalist that came up with the term biotechnology in 1919. Ereky described the term as all works that involves production of end products from raw materials by use of living organisms. Currently, the field has advanced to greater extents. Scientists have come up with thoughtful discoveries to symbolize the development of biotechnology.

Modern scientists are modifying proteins and DNA to shape the capabilities of living cells, animals, and plants to be more useful to human beings. They achieve this by manipulating DNA in test tubes in a laboratory. In recent years, the manipulation is not done in test tubes anymore, it is done inside living cells. The most exciting biotechnology discoveries of recent years are happening at the microscopic level.

All-time discoveries in biotechnology have provided more benefits than dangers they pose. Many risks involved in biotechnology have been discussed, but very little have been encountered in real life. The increased concern about risks involved in this field in recent discoveries shows that the field has really grown to maturity. Below are a number of risks which are associated with biotechnology.

One of the risks is unintended consequences. At microscopic level, biotechnology is most feared for producing the most frustrating effects on human beings. Gene edition and deletion is an aspect of biotechnology that scientists and scholars are hoping to be the solution to many issues in the world.

Real-world tests have already been conducted where certain genes were deleted in human beings in order to control HIV, cancer, and many deadly medical conditions. However, gene deletion has proved to be more complicated than it is currently understood. With gene deletion, patients exhibited reactions and behavior in their genome that scientists did not plan for or anticipate. The tests had to be halted until more is known about gene deletion.

Another risk that is feared to come with the maturity of biotechnology is weaponizing biology. Whereas there have been serious disease outbreaks such as Zika virus and Ebola, which are natural, it is feared that future outbreaks may be instigated deliberately. Terrorist and/or state actors may start outbreaks of diseases with malicious intentions to kill people or cause other bad effects.

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